Hazrat Baba Farid Ganj Shakar History

Hazrat Baba Farid Ganj Shakar

Hazrat Baba Farid Ganj Shakar, popularly known as Baba Farid and Sheikh Fareed (1173–1266; also spelled Fareed, Fareeduddin Masood, Ganj-e-Shakar, etc.), was a Sufi saint and a Muslim missionary from the Chishti order, living in Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent.

Fariduddin Masud Ganjshakar was born in 1179 or 1188 AD (584 Hijri) at village Kothewal, 10 km from Multan in the Punjab region of what is now Pakistan, to Jamaluddin Suleiman and Maryam Bibi (Qarsum Bibi), daughter of Sheikh Wajihuddin Khojendi. He was one of the founding fathers of the Chishti Sufi order.

Baba Farid’s lineage is traced back to the second Khalifa (Caliph) Hazrat Umar ibn al-Khattab. Though he is the grandson of Ibrahim bin Adham, Hazrat Baba Farid received his early education at Multan, which had become a centre for Muslim education; it was there that he met his Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki, a noted Sufi saint, who was passing through Multan on his way from Baghdad to Delhi. Upon completing his education, Farid left for Sistan and Kandahar and went to Makkah for the Hajj pilgrimage with his parents at the age of 16.

Once his education was over, he moved to Delhi, where he learned the Islamic doctrine from his master, Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki. He later moved to Hansi, Haryana. When Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki died in 1235, Farid left Hansi and became his spiritual successor, and he settled in Ajodhan (the present Pakpattan, Pakistan) instead of Delhi. On his way to Ajodhan, while passing through Faridkot, he met the 20-year-old Nizamuddin, who went on to become his disciple, and later his successor Sufi khalifah.

Baba Farid had three wives and eight children (five sons and three daughters). One of his wives, Hazabara, was the daughter of Sulṭan Nasiruddin Mehmood.

The great Arab traveller Ibn Battuta once visited this Sufi saint. Ibn Battuta says that Fariduddin Ganjshakar was the spiritual guide of the King of India, and that the King had given him the village of Ajodhan. He also met Baba Farid’s two sons.

Baba Farid’s descendants, also known as Fareedi, Fareedies or Faridy, mostly carry the name Faruqi, and can be found in Pakistan, India and the diaspora. Fariduddin Ganjshakar’s descendants include the Sufi saint Salim Chishti, whose daughter was the Emperor Jehangir’s foster mother. Their descendants settled in Sheikhupur, Badaun and the remains of a fort they built can still be found.[citation needed] One of his descendants was the noted Sufi scholar Muhibbullah Allahabadi (1587–1648).

Fariduddin Ganjshakar’s shrine darbar is located in Pakpattan.

About Nasir Memon
I am Abdul Nasir Memon. I am a Project Manager. I have experienced of more than 15 years in IT field. I did complete various Projects of Website and Mobile Apps. I have expertise to manage Projects of Android Applications.

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