Brief Introduction of Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Ghous Pak
January 21, 2016 Leave a comment
Hazrat Syed Abdul Qadir al-Jilani Al-Syed Mohiuddin (born 1 Ramadan, 470 Hijri, in the town of Naif), district of Gilan-e Gharb (The capital city of Gilan-e Gharb County, Kermanshah Province, Iran.), died 11 Rabi-ul-Akhir 561 AH (Monday 14 February 1166 C.E), in Baghdad, was a Persian Hanbali Sunni jurist and Sufi based in Baghdad. The Qadiriyya are the Sufi order founded by him, based on his name.
Ghous Pak was born around 1077 in Persia. Ghous-e-Azam’s father, Abu Salih Musa al-Hasani, was a descendant of Hasan ibn Ali, (Imam Hasan). Hasan was the eldest son of Ali and Fatima. Ali was Muhammad’s son-in-law and also cousin and Fatima was Muhammad’s daughter. Al-Gilani’s mother was the daughter of Abdullah Sawmai, a descendant of Husayn ibn Ali, the younger son of Ali and Fatima. Thus, Ghous Pak was both a Hasani and Hussaini Syed.
Within Al-Gilani’s full name, al-Syed Mohiuddin Abu Muhammad Abdul Qadir al-Jilani al-Hasani wal-Hussaini, the word Syed denotes his descent from Muhammad. The name Mohiuddin describes him as a “reviver of religion”. The phrase, al-Jilani refers to Al Gilani’s place of birth. However, Al-Gilani also carried the epithet, al-Baghdadi referring to his residence and burial in Baghdad. The phrase al-Hasani wal-Hussaini affirms his lineal descent from both Hasan ibn Ali and Hussein ibn Ali, the grandsons of Muhammad. Describing Al Gilani with the phrase ‘Najib al-tarafayn Syed’ indicates that both his mother and father were of apostolic lineage.
Al Gilani spent his early life in Naif, the town of his birth. In 1095, at the age of eighteen years, he went to Baghdad. There, he pursued the study of Hanbali law under Qadi Abu Saad al-Mubarak al-Mukharrimi and Ibn Aqil. He was given lessons on Hadith by Abu Muhammad Ja’far al-Sarraj. In Tasawwuf, his spiritual instructor was Abul-Khair Hammad ibn Muslim al-Dabbas. (A detailed description of his various teachers and subjects are included below). After completing his education, Gilani left Baghdad. He spent twenty-five years as a reclusive wanderer in the desert regions of Iraq.
Education in Baghdad
At the age of 18, Al Gilani went to Baghdad to study Hanbalite Law.
The Incident of Dacoits
While sending him to Baghdad, his mother sewed 40 gold coins in his quilt. The dacoits struck the caravan on the way, and looted all the travelers of their belongings. They asked him what he had. He told them about the coins. They considered it a joke and took him to their chief, who asked him the same question and he again replied that he had 40 gold coins. He asked him to show the coins, upon whom he tore away, the quilt and produced the gold coins. He was surprised and asked him why he had given the hidden gold coins when he could have kept them hidden. Young Abdul Qadir Jilani replied that he was traveling to Baghdad to receive education and his mother had instructed him to speak the truth. This left a deep effect on the chief of the dacoits and he gave up looting and accepted Islam.