Hazrat Mohiuddin Ibne Arabi Makki

Hazrat Mohiuddin Ibne Arabi MakkiHazrat Mohiuddin Ibne Arabi Makki ‎(25 July 1165 – 8 November 1240) was an Andalusian Scholar of Islam,

Sufi mystic, poet, and philosopher. He is renowned by some practitioners of Sufism as “the greatest master” and also as a genuine saint.

Biography
Hazrat Mohiuddin Ibne Arabi Makki was born in Murcia, Taifa of Murcia on Sunday, 17th of Ramadan 560 AH (25 July 1165 AD) at night. He went by the names al-Sheikh al-Akbar, Mohiuddin ibn Arabi, and was also later nicknamed the Great Sheikh. He was also known as Shaikh-e-Akbar Mohi-ud-Din Ibn-e-Arabi in the Subcontinent.

Youth
His father, ‘Ali ibn Muhammad, served in the Army of Ibn Mardanish. When ibn Mardanish died in 1172 AD, ‘Ali ibn Muhammad swiftly shifted his allegiance to the Almohad Sultan, Abu Yaqub Yusuf I, and became one of his military advisers. His family then relocated from Murcia to Seville. His father’s family claimed descent from the legendary Arabian poet Hatim al-Tai.

His mother came from a noble Berber family with strong ties to northern Africa. Al-Arabi mentions his maternal uncle, Yahya ibn Yughman, who was at one point a wealthy prince of the city of Tlemcen, but had left that position to lead a life of spirituality after encountering a Sufi mystic.

Education
Ibn ‘Arabi’s intellectual training began in Seville in 578 AH. Most of his teachers were the clergy of the Almohad era and some of them held the official posts of Qadi or Khatib.

His spiritual mentor in Fes was Mohammed ibn Qasim al-Tamimi.

In the year 597 AH/1200 AD, he was in Morocco and took his final leave from his master Yusuf al-Kumi, who was living in the village of Sale at that time.

Pilgrim at Mecca
Ibn Arabi undertook Hajj in 598 AH. He lived in Mecca for three years. It was in Mecca that he started writing his work Al-Futuhat al-Makkiyya (The Meccan Illuminations).

Journeys to the North
After spending time in Mecca, he traveled throughout Syria, Palestine, Iraq and Anatolia.

The year 600 AH witnessed a meeting between Ibn Arabi and Sheikh Majduddin Ishaq ibn Yusuf, a native of Malatya and a man of great standing at the Seljuk court. This time Ibn ‘Arabi was travelling north; first they visited Medina and in 601 AH they entered Baghdad. This visit besides other benefits offered him a chance to meet the direct disciples of Sheikh ‘Abd al-Qadir Jilani. Ibn Arabi stayed there only for 12 days because he wanted to visit Mosul to see his friend ‘Ali ibn ‘Abdallah ibn Jami’, a disciple of Qadib al-Ban. There he spent the month of Ramadan and composed Tanazzulat al-Mawsiliyya, Kitab al-Jalal wa’l-Jamal (The Book of Majesty and Beauty) and Kunh ma la Budda lil-MuridMinhu.

Return to South
In the year 602 AH he visited Jerusalem, Mecca and Egypt. It was his first time that he passed through Syria, visiting Aleppo and Damascus.

Later in 604 AH he returned to Mecca where he continued to study and write, spending his time with his friend Abu Shuja bin Rustem and family, including the beautiful Nizam. The next 4 to 5 years of Ibn ‘Arabi’s life were spent in these lands and he also kept travelling and holding the reading sessions of his works in his own presence.

The Futuhat al-Makkiyya

Diagram of “Plain of Assembly”(Ard al-Hashr) on the Day of Judgment, from autograph manuscript of Futuhat al-Makkiyya, ca. 1238.

Three years later in 632 AH, on the first of Muharram, Ibn ‘Arabi embarked on a second draft of the Futuhat; this he explained, included a number of additions and a number of deletions as compared with the previous draft. This revision completed in the year 636. After completion of this 2nd draft, he started teaching it to his disciples. Dr. Osman Yahia has mentioned hundreds of these hearings or public readings that occur between the year 633 AH and 638 AH.

Death
On 22 Rabi‘ al-Thani 638 AH (8 November 1240) at the age of seventy-five, Ibn ‘Arabi died in Damascus.

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About Nasir Memon
I am Abdul Nasir Memon. I am a Project Manager. I have experienced of more than 15 years in IT field. I did complete various Projects of Website and Mobile Apps. I have expertise to manage Projects of Android Applications.

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